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Easter Anthology (4 dari 5)

sebelumnya http://renunganpagi.blogspot.com/2004/04/easter-anthology-3-dari-5.html

The Last Supper

Now the feast of Unleavened Bread drew near, which is called the Passover. And the chief priests and the scribes were seeking how to put Him to death; for they feared the people. Then Satan entered into Judas called Iscariot, who was of the number of the Twelve; he went away and conferred with the chief priests and officers how he might betray Him to them. And they were glad, and engaged to give him money. So he agreed, and sought an opportunity to betray Him to them in the absence of the multitude.
Then came the day of Unleavened Bread, on which the passover lamb had to be sacrificed. So Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, "Go and prepare the passover for us, that we may eat it." They said to Him, "Where will you have us prepare it?" He said to them, "Behold, when you have entered the city, a man carrying a jar of water will meet you; follow him into the house which he enters, and tell the householder, 'The Teacher says to you, Where is the guest room, where I am to eat the passover with my disciples?' And he will show you a large upper room furnished; there make ready." And they went, and found it as He had told them; and they prepared the Passover. And when the hour came, he sat at table, and the Apostles with Him. And He said to them, "I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer; for I tell you I shall not eat it until it is fulfilled in the Kingdom of God." And He took a cup, and when He had given thanks He said, "Take this, and divide it among yourselves; for I tell you that from now on I shall not drink of the fruit of the vine until the Kingdom of God comes." And He took bread, and when He had given thanks he broke it and gave it to them, saying, "This is my body which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me." And likewise the cup after supper, saying, "This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood...." (Luke 22:1-20)

Jesus Washed His Disciples Feet

Now before the feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that His hour had come to depart out of this world to the Father, having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end. And during supper, when the Devil had already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray Him, Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands, and that He had come from God and was going to God, rose from supper, laid aside His garments, and girded Himself with a towel. Then He poured water into a basin, and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel with which He was girded. He came to Simon Peter; and Peter said to Him, "Lord, do You wash my feet?" Jesus answered him, "What I am doing you do not know now, but afterward you will understand." Peter said to him, "You shall never wash my feet." Jesus answered him, "If I do not wash you, you have no part in Me." Simon Peter said to Him, "Lord, not my feet only but also my hands and my head!" Jesus said to him, "He who has bathed does not need to wash, except for his feet, but he is clean all over; and you are clean, but not every one of you."
For He knew who was to betray Him; that was why He said, "You are not all clean." 12 When he had washed their feet, and taken His garments, and resumed His place, He said to them, "Do you know what I have done to you? You call Me Teacher and Lord; and you are right, for so I am. If I then, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another's feet. For I have given you an example, that you also should do as I have done to you. Truly, truly, I say to you, a servant is not greater than his master; nor is he who is sent greater than he who sent him. If you know these things, blessed are you if you do them...." (John 13:1-17)

On Good Friday, the entire Church fixes her gaze on the Cross at Calvary. Each member of the Church tries to understand at what cost Christ has won our redemption. In the solemn ceremonies of Good Friday, in the Adoration of the Cross, in the chanting of the 'Reproaches' (Popule Meus), in the reading of the Passion, and in receiving the pre-consecrated Host, we unite ourselves to our Savior, & contemplate our own death to sin in the Death of our Lord.
The Church- stripped of its ornaments, the altar bare, & with the door of the empty Tabernacle standing open- is as if in mourning. The liturgical observance of this day of Christ's suffering, Crucifixion and death evidently has been in existence from the earliest days of the Church. No Mass is celebrated on this day, but the service of Good Friday is called the Mass of the Presanctified because Communion (in the species of bread), which had already been consecrated on Maundy Thursday, is given to the people .
Traditionally, the organ is silent from Maundy Thursday until the Hallelujah at the Easter Vigil, as are all bells or other instruments, the only music during this period being unaccompanied chant.

The Passion of the Christ According to St John

Having spoken these words, Jesus went forth with His disciples across the Kidron valley, where there was a garden, which He and His disciples entered. Now Judas, who betrayed Him, also knew the place; for Jesus often met there with His disciples. So Judas, procuring a band of soldiers and some officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, went there with lanterns and torches and weapons. Then Jesus, knowing all that was to befall Him, came forward and said to them, "Whom do you seek?" They answered Him, "Jesus of Nazareth." Jesus said to them, "I am He." Judas, who betrayed Him, was standing with them. When He said to them, "I am He," they drew back and fell to the ground. Again He asked them, "Whom do you seek?" And they said, "Jesus of Nazareth." Jesus answered, "I told you that I am He; so, if you seek Me, let these men go." This was to fulfil the word which He had spoken, "Of those whom thou gavest Me I lost not one." Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it and struck the high priest's slave and cut off his right ear. The slave's name was Malchus. Jesus said to Peter, "Put your sword into its sheath; shall I not drink the cup which the Father has given Me?" So the band of soldiers and their captain and the officers of the Jews seized Jesus and bound Him.
First they led him to Annas; for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was the high priest that year. It was Caiaphas who had given counsel to the Jews that it was expedient that one man should die for the people. Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple. As this disciple was known to the high priest, he entered the court of the high priest along with Jesus, while Peter stood outside at the door. So the other disciple, who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke to the maid who kept the door, and brought Peter in. The maid who kept the door said to Peter, "Are not you also one of this Man's disciples?" He said, "I am not." Now the servants and officers had made a charcoal fire, because it was cold, and they were standing and warming themselves; Peter also was with them, standing and warming himself. The high priest then questioned Jesus about His disciples and His teaching. Jesus answered him, "I have spoken openly to the world; I have always taught in synagogues and in the temple, where all Jews come together; I have said nothing secretly. Why do you ask Me? Ask those who have heard Me, what I said to them; they know what I said." When He had said this, one of the officers standing by struck Jesus with his hand, saying, "Is that how You answer the high priest?" Jesus answered Him, "If I have spoken wrongly, bear witness to the wrong; but if I have spoken rightly, why do you strike Me?" Annas then sent Him bound to Caiaphas the high priest. Now Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. They said to him, "Are not you also one of his disciples?" He denied it and said, "I am not." One of the servants of the high priest, a kinsman of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, asked, "Did I not see you in the garden with him?" Peter again denied it; and at once the cock crowed.
Then they led Jesus from the house of Caiaphas to the praetorium. It was early. They themselves did not enter the praetorium, so that they might not be defiled, but might eat the passover. So Pilate went out to them and said, "What accusation do you bring against this Man?" They answered him, "If this Man were not an evildoer, we would not have handed him over." Pilate said to them, "Take Him yourselves and judge Him by your own law." The Jews said to him, "It is not lawful for us to put any man to death." This was to fulfil the word which Jesus had spoken to show by what death He was to die. Pilate entered the praetorium again and called Jesus, and said to Him, "Are you the King of the Jews?" Jesus answered, "Do you say this of your own accord, or did others say it to you about Me?" Pilate answered, "Am I a Jew? Your own nation and the chief priests have handed You over to me; what have You done?" Jesus answered, "My kingship is not of this world; if My kingship were of this world, My servants would fight, that I might not be handed over to the Jews; but My kingship is not from the world." Pilate said to Him, "So you are a king?" Jesus answered, "You say that I am a king. For this I was born, and for this I have come into the world, to bear witness to the truth. Every one who is of the truth hears My voice." Pilate said to Him, "What is truth?" After he had said this, he went out to the Jews again, and told them, "I find no crime in Him. But you have a custom that I should release one man for you at the Passover; will you have me release for you the King of the Jews?" They cried out again, "Not this man, but Barabbas!" Now Barabbas was a robber. (John 18:1-40)

The Passion of the Christ According to St John

Then Pilate took Jesus and scourged Him. And the soldiers plaited a crown of thorns, and put it on His head, and arrayed Him in a purple robe; they came up to Him, saying, "Hail, King of the Jews!" and struck Him with their hands. Pilate went out again, and said to them, "See, I am bringing Him out to you, that you may know that I find no crime in Him." So Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, "Behold the man!" When the chief priests and the officers saw Him, they cried out, "Crucify Him, crucify Him!" Pilate said to them, "Take Him yourselves and crucify Him, for I find no crime in Him." The Jews answered him, "We have a law, and by that law He ought to die, because He has made Himself the Son of God." When Pilate heard these words, he was the more afraid; he entered the praetorium again and said to Jesus, "Where are You from?" But Jesus gave no answer. Pilate therefore said to Him, "You will not speak to me? Do you not know that I have power to release You, and power to crucify You?" Jesus answered him, "You would have no power over Me unless it had been given you from above; therefore he who delivered Me to you has the greater sin." Upon this Pilate sought to release Him, but the Jews cried out, "If you release this Man, you are not Caesar's friend; every one who makes himself a king sets himself against Caesar." When Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called the Pavement, and in Hebrew, Gabbatha. Now it was the day of Preparation of the Passover; it was about the sixth hour. He said to the Jews, "Behold your King!" They cried out, "Away with Him, away with Him, crucify Him!" Pilate said to them, "Shall I crucify your King?" The chief priests answered, "We have no king but Caesar."
Then he handed Him over to them to be crucified. So they took Jesus, and He went out, bearing His own cross, to the place
called the place of a skull, which is called in Hebrew Golgotha. There they crucified Him, and with Him two others, one on either side, and Jesus between them.
Pilate also wrote a title and put it on the cross; it read, "Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews." Many of the Jews read this title, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, in Latin, and in Greek. The chief priests of the Jews then said to Pilate, "Do not write, 'The King of the Jews,' but, 'This Man said, I am King of the Jews.'" Pilate answered, "What I have written I have written."
When the soldiers had crucified Jesus they took His garments and made four parts, one for each soldier; also His tunic. But the tunic was without seam, woven from top to bottom; so they said to one another, "Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it to see whose it shall be." This was to fulfil the scripture, "They parted my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots." So the soldiers did this. Standing by the cross of Jesus were His mother, and His mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. When Jesus saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing near, He said to His mother, "Woman, behold, your son!" Then He said to the disciple, "Behold, your mother!" And from that hour the disciple took her to his own home. After this Jesus, knowing that all was now finished, said (to fulfil the scripture), "I thirst." A bowl full of vinegar stood there; so they put a sponge full of the vinegar on hyssop and held it to His mouth. When Jesus had received the vinegar, He said, "It is finished"; and He bowed His head and gave up His spirit.
Since it was the day of Preparation, in order to prevent the bodies from remaining on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first, and of the other who had been crucified with Him; but when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, they did not break his legs. But one of the soldiers pierced hiH side with a spear, and at once there came out blood and water. He who saw it has borne witness- his testimony is true, and he knows that he tells the truth- that you also may believe. For these things took place that the scripture might be fulfilled, "Not a bone of Him shall be broken." And again another scripture says, "They shall look on Him whom they have pierced."
After this Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly, for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus, and Pilate gave him leave. So he came and took away his body. Nicodemus also, who had at first come to Him by night, came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds' weight. They took the body of Jesus, and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb where no one had ever been laid. So because of the Jewish day of Preparation, as the tomb was close at hand, they laid Jesus there. (John 19:1-42)

The familiar hot cross buns are sweet rolls with the sign of the cross cut into it, and they are 1 of several traditional European breads marked with a cross for Good Friday. According to tradition, these buns originated at St Alban's Abbey in 1361, where the monks gave them to the poor people who came there (you may have your own recipe for sweet-rolls to which you can add currants or raisins before shaping & cut a cross in the top before baking; or you can buy them.) These Good Friday buns were very popular, and were sold by vendors who cried:

"Hot cross buns, hot cross buns! 1 a-penny 2 a-penny, hot cross buns!
If you have no daughters, give 'em to your sons!
1 a-penny 2 a-penny, hot cross buns!

Were You There?

Were you there when they crucified my Lord?
Were you there when they crucified my Lord?
Oh! Sometimes it causes me to tremble, tremble, tremble.
Were you there when they crucified my Lord?

Were you there when they nailed Him to the tree?
Were you there when they nailed Him to the tree?
Oh! Sometimes it causes me to tremble, tremble, tremble.
Were you there when they nailed Him to the tree?

Were you there when they laid Him in the tomb?
Were you there when they laid Him in the tomb?
Oh! Sometimes it causes me to tremble, tremble, tremble.
Were you there when they laid Him in the tomb?

Negro spiritual

From the early days of the Church, the Easter Vigil was the primary means by which Easter was observed. This practice has evolved in modern observance into the Easter sunrise service that many Churches observe, but its history is much richer.
From the earliest days of the church, the Easter Vigil was primarily a means of preparing new converts for baptism into the Christian faith, which was normally done on Easter Sunday as the focal point of the entire year.
The Vigil itself can begin at any time after sundown on Saturday.
In Church traditions, the Easter Vigil begins in darkness as a flame is lit. This can either be the Christ candle returned to the sanctuary or to the worshippers, or a 'new fire' lit amid the darkness. From this 'new fire' all the other candles in the sanctuary are lit. Some Churches use a special Paschal candle as the focal point for this part of the service. All the worshippers light individual candles from the Paschal candle as they sing a song of praise. This return of light symbolizes the resurrection of Jesus from the grave and the light of salvation & hope God brought into the world through the resurrection, the triumph of the light of God’s grace & salvation over the darkness of death & sin.
In the early Church, the Easter Vigil concluded with the baptism of new converts, celebrating not only Christ’s resurrection from death to life, but also the new life that God has brought through the death & resurrection of Christ to individual believers. Those baptized changed into new white clothes to symbolize their new life in Christ, which is the origin of the tradition of buying new clothes at Easter.
An ancient tradition from the early centuries of the Church intensifies the fasting of Lent, so that no food of any kind is eaten on Saturday, or for 40 hours before sunrise on Easter Sunday. The breaking of the fast is the Eucharist or Communion that is celebrated at Easter sunrise at the end of the Easter Vigil.

The Resurrection

And on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared. And they found the stone rolled back from the sepulchre. And going in, they found not the body of the Lord Jesus. And it came to pass, as they were astonished in their mind at this, behold, two men stood by them, in shining apparel. And as they were afraid and bowed down their countenance towards the ground, they said unto them, "Why seek you the living with the dead? He is not here, but is risen. Remember how He spoke unto you, when He was yet in Galilee, saying: 'The Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men and be crucified and on the third day rise again'!" And they remembered His words. And going back from the sepulchre, they told all these things to the eleven and to all the rest. And it was Mary Magdalene and Joanna and Mary the mother of James and the other women that were with them, who told these things to the Apostles. And these words seemed to them as idle tales: and they did not believe them. But Peter rising up, ran to the sepulchre and, stooping down, he saw the linen cloths laid by themselves: and went away wondering in himself at that which was come to pass. (Luke 24:1-12)

"An Easter Hymn"

Awake, thou wintry earth-
Fling off thy sadness!
Fair vernal flowers, laugh forth
Your ancient gladness!
Christ is risen.

By Thomas Blackburn (????).

"Jesus Risen"

Ye Heavens, how sang they in your courts,
How sang the angelic choir that day,
When from His tomb the imprisoned God,
Like the strong sunrise, broke away?

By Rev. Frederick William Faber (1814-1863).

"Come, Ye Saints, Look Here and Wonder"

Come, ye saints, look here & wonder,
See the place where Jesus lay;
He has burst His bands asunder;
He has borne our sins away;
Joyful tidings,
Yes, the Lord has risen to-day.

By Thomas Kelly (1769-1855).

During the Easter season the Angelus prayer is replaced by Regina Caeli.
Since the 13th century this prayer has been used as a seasonal antiphon of joy in honor of Mother Mary who rejoiced over her Son's rising from the dead in glory.

Regina Caeli

Regina caeli, laetare, hallelujah:
quia quem meruisti portare, hallelujah.
Resurrexit, sicut dixit, hallelujah.
Ora pro nobis Deum, hallelujah.

Gaude et laetare, Virgo Maria, hallelujah.
Quia surrexit Dominus vere, hallelujah.

Queen of Heaven, rejoice, hallelujah.
The Son you merited to bear, hallelujah,
has risen as he said, hallelujah.
Pray to God for us, hallelujah.

Rejoice and be glad, o Virgin Mary, hallelujah.
For the Lord has truly risen, hallelujah.

"Pengorbanan Seorang Anak"

Ashborne adalah sebuah dusun yang sederhana dan agak sepi di Irlandia. Di sana-sini tampaklah beberapa pondok dengan atap ilalang. Bahkan gedung gerejapun tidak ada di desa itu. Gereja terdekat kira-kira tiga kilometer jauhnya dari dusun itu, yaitu gereja di Clifford. Itu berartihampir satu jam perjalanan dgn berjalan kali.
Di sebuah pondok yang agak terpencil di dusun itu, tinggallah satu keluarga sederhana yang terdiri dari tiga orang, yaitu Tom Laingan, Mary, dan Willy, putra tunggal mereka.
Willy adalah seorang anak yang cerdas dan lembut hati serta suka menolong, tetapi sungguh malang badannya lemah dan sakit-sakitan. Memang sejak kecil kesehatannya rapuh. Hanya berkat perawatan telaten dan penuh kasing sayang dari kedua orangtuanya saja yang menjadikan Willy tumbuh menjadi seorang anak yang lemah lembut. Dia akan genap berusia sepuluh tahun bulan depan.
Meskipun lemah tubuhnya, Willy selalu penuh semangat. Senja itu dia sedang menghadapi buku pelajarannya seperti biasanya, namun rupanya ada yanag sedang dicemaskannya. Tiba-tiba dia menghampiri ibunya yang sedang menjahit.
"Ibu bolehkah aku ikut ke gereja bersama teman-teman besok?" tanyanya.
Dengan penuh kasih sayang, Mary memebelai pipi putra tunggalnya sambil berkata, "Bukankah kau baru ke gereja bulan lalu? Kau baru saja sembuh dari sakit. Hawa yang dingin dan perjalanan jauh akan berakibat kurang baik bagi tubuhmu yang masih lemah. Lagipula bukankah Dokter melarangmu keluar rumah?"
"Tetapi besok adalah hari Natal dan Pastor John berkata bahwa hari Natal adalah hari yang suci memperingati kelahiran Tuhan Jesus. Boleh ya, Bu? Aku tak akan sakit, dan aku merasa cukup kuat. Boleh ya, Bu?"
"Sudahlah Bu, jangan melarangnya lagi!" sela ayah Willy. "Dia cukup besar untuk mengikuti misa Natal di gereja."
"Baiklah kalau memang Ayah mengizinkan. Tetapi sekarang ini kau harus banyak beristirahat agar besok tak terlalu capek dalam perjalanan."
Alangkah gembiranya hati Willy. Sambil bernyanyi-nyanyi kecil dia mencuci kaki, kemudian setelah mencium kedua orang tuanya, dia masuk ke kamarnya untuk tidur.
Membayangkan kepergianna ke gereja besok membutanya sukar tidur malam itu. Besok pagi di gereja dia akan berdoa meminta Jesus dalam palungan agar ibunya mau ke gereja lagi. Memang sudah lama Mary tidak lagi memperdulikan imannya. Willy cilik yang mengetahui hal itu menjadi bersedih hati. Tak putus-putusnya dia berdoa agar ibunya mau kembali kepada Tuhan. Tetapi rupanya Tuhan belum menjawab doanya. Meskipun begitu tak pernah dia berhenti berdoa bagi ibunya. Dia teringat kata-kata Pastor John bahwa doa tulus seorang anak dapat menembus langit dan sampai ke surga.
Pukul lima pagi keesokan harinya Willy sudah sibuk mempersiapkan diri. Sejam kemudian dia sudah berada dalam gereja.
Dengan penuh hormat dia berlutut di depan palungan dan berdoa bagi ibunya terkasih. Wajah patung Kanak-kanak Jesus yang dikelilingi kedua orang tuanya dan para gembala tampak penuh kasih. Willy memejamkan matanya dan mengucapkan doanya
Ketika dibukanya lagi matanya, dia merasakan hawa dingin yang menusuk tulang dan menyadari hanya dia seorang yang masih berada dalam gereja yang kini kosong. Pengunjung telah kembali ke rumah mereka masing-masing karena misa telah selesai.
Dengan berat hati ditinggalkannya gereja itu, namun penuh keyakinan bahwa doanya akan segera dijawab Tuhan.
Dia berjalan kali karena tidak ada lagi kereta yang membawanya pulang. Hawa dingin membuatnya menggigil. Dirapatkannya mantelnya. Badannya terasa berat dan kurang enak. Dengan terhuyung-huyung dia tetap melangkahkan sepasang kakinya. Betapa inginnya dia segera kembali ke rumah, di depan perapian yang hangat. Dan begitu sampai di depan rumah dia jatuh pingsan....
Beberapa bulan telah berlalu. Natal telah lama lewat. Willy terbaring di tempat tidurnya. Wajahnya pucat dan badanya kurus. Penderitaan terbayang di wajahnya, meskipun begitu sinar matanya tetap jernih.
"Bu, maukah Ibu membelikan aku anggur untuk kupersembahkan bagi Kanak-kanak Jesus dalam palungan-Nya?" ujar Willy tiba-tiba.
"Baiklah, Nak. Tetapi Natal telah lama berlalu, palungan Natal sudah disimpan sampai Natal berikutnya. Natal yang akan datang pasti Ibu membelikanmu anggur untuk Kanak-kanak Jesus."
"Tetapi Jesus memintanya sekarang, Bu! Biarlah aku sendiri yang mempersembahkannya padanya. Dan bila Ibu tak keberatan, tolonglah rawa altar kecilku jika aku pergi...."
Mary mengerti bahwa Willy akan segera meninggalkannya. Pastor John diundang datang.
"Berlalulah dengan damai Anakku. Persembahkanlah sendiri anggurmu pada Kanak-kanak Jesus di surga di mana kau akan melihat sendiri Dia yang sebenarnya dan berbahagia karenanya," demikian kata Pastor John sambil memberikan sakramen dan berkatnya yang terakhir.
Meskipun dengan berat hati ditatapnya wajah ayah dan ibunya yang telah sangat mengasihinya bergantian dengan wajah tenang. Lalu dengan suara lemah dia berkata, "Nyalakan lilin untukku di gereja ya, Bu! Persembahkan bunga yang biasa kupersembahkan pada Jesus setiap Minggu dan berdoalah di sana!"
"Ya, Ibu berjanji Anakku," Mary menahan air matanya saat melepaskan kepergian putra tunggalnya.
"Dan aku pun berjanji akan berdoa bagi Ibu," kata Willy sambil menutup matanya dan tersenyum. Suatu senyum kebahagiaan karena percaya doanya kini sudah terjawab....
Tibalah hari Paskah. Terlihatlah di Minggu Paskah itu Tuan Laingan dan istrinya keluar dari gereja di Clifford. Tak lama kemudian kedua suami-istri itu terlihat sedang berlutut di sebuah makam kecil di halaman gereja. Itulah kuburan Willy cilik. Tempat peristirahatannya sementara.
Doa Willy sudah terjawab. Jesus kini sudah bersemayam lagi dalam hati ibunya. Doa seorang anak yang tulus terkabul meskipun meminta pengorbanan dirinya sendiri.
Dan Willy akan terus berdoa bagi kedua orang tunya. Berdoa dan terus berdoa sampai suatu saat nanti mereka berkumpul kembali di surga.

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